a. Definition of "Group"
Group is a collection of individuals who get together to work on a task for a common purpose.
b. The detailed characteristics of the groups.
Interdependence: Interdependence means the mutual dependence of group members on one another.
Common Goal: common goal.is the driving force that brings people together to form.
Group Personality: when people come together in a group, they form a collective identity that becomes the group personality, such as conservative and intelligent.
Commitment: commitment is the desire of group members to work together to complete their task to the satisfaction of the entire group.
Cohesiveness: cohesiveness is the attraction that group members feel for each other and their willingness to stick together.
Group Conflict: whenever people come together in any communicative context there is bound to be conflict of some sort. Conflict can be productive and result in better decisions and solutions to problems.
Social Facilitation: social facilitation.is the tendency for a person to release energy that would not be released if the individual were acting alone
Gender Differences: in a group consisting of both men and women, women are more cooperative with their opponents than are men, and that kind of group is more likely to be dominated by men talking than by women talking.
Group Size; groups of from three to twenty-five people are generally called small groups.
Groups larger than twenty-five are called large groups.
Norms: norms are the expected and shared ways in which group members behave.
c. How to make the group members get into a positive participation during the group communication?
Be relevant: Members’ comments should pertain to the topic and goals of the discussion at hand and should deviate only when tension needs to be released.
Be related: Make sure that contributions tie in with what has been said before and what is apt to be said next.
Be timely: To give more impact to a good idea you should, introduce it at a favorable time so that it gets the group’s full attention and consideration.
Choose sufficient length: Choosing the best length for a comment requires good judgment. The goal is to make sure that the comment you contribute is long enough to make your point.
Be clearly: Always remember that meanings are in people, not in words. Thus, you cannot assume that everyone in the group will understand your idea in the same way that you do.
Be informative: Make sure that your statements are accurate and objective. This requires having a good understanding of the topic and doing prior research.Openness to evaluation: Group discussion can lead to the best possible information and the best possible decision, but this will happen only if members open their comments to