Self-directed Learning

Self-directed Learning

Self-directed Learning

par 李雅煌 20173602042,
Nombre de réponses : 0

a. A group is a set of people, organizations, or things which are considered together because they have something in common, or a set of people who have the same interests or aims, and who organize themselves to work or act together.  


b. Characteristics:

Size: small groups are those groups that consist 3 to 25 people; large groups describe groups that are larger than 25

Purpose: social purposes of small group: socialization, catharsis, therapy and learning; task-related purposes: decision-making and problem-solving

NaturePrimary: the group into which we are born is called our primary group;  ②Secondary: the groups we join later are called secondary groups
Interdependence: the mutual dependence of group members on one another
Common Goal: the driving force that brings people together to form is a common goal
Group Personality: when people come together in a group, they form a collective identity that becomes the group personality, such as, conservative, intelligent and social
Commitment: the desire of group members to work together to complete their task to the satisfaction of the entire group
Cohesiveness: an extension of commitment, is the attraction that group members feel for each other and their willingness to stick together
Group Conflict: conflict does not always have to be harmful; conflict can be productive and can result in better decisions and solutions to problems
Social Facilitation: the tendency for a person to release energy that would not be released if the individual were acting alone
Gender Differences: research shows that groups consisting of both men and women are more likely to be dominated by men talking than by women talking
Norms: the expected and shared ways in which group members behave

c. Behavior: 
Relevance: members’ comments should pertain to the topic and goals of the discussion at hand and should deviate only when tension needs to be released
Relatedness: the goal of relatedness is to make sure that contributions tie in with what has been said before and what is apt to be said next
Timeliness: to give more impact to a good idea you should, introduce it at a favorable time so that it gets the group’s full attention and consideration
Sufficient Length: choosing the best length for a comment requires good judgment; the goal is to make sure that the comment you contribute is long enough to make your point
Clarity: to avoid misunderstandings, define your terms and provide examples to ensure a common ground
Informativeness: make sure that your statement are accurate and objective; this requires having a good understanding of the topic and doing prior research
Openness to evaluation: criticism should not be ignored or avoided; at the same time, members must remember that evaluation can be constructive only when they focus on the contribution and not on the person
Provocativeness: comments should be made not only to bring the group closer to its goal, but also to fuel thought for further contributions