Self-directed Learning

Self-directed Learning

Self-directed Learning

- 20173602064 刘翠婷 の投稿
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  • a.Give the definition of "Group" in your own words.

A group is a collection of complex individuals with a specific common goal and a common sense of belonging and an interactive relationship.

  • b.Discribe the detailed characterictics of the groups.

Here are the  ten characteristics of the  groups :

1、Interdependence:The mutual dependence of group members on one another.
2、Common Goal:The driving force that brings people together to form is a common goal.
3、Group Personality:When people come together in a group, they form a collective identity that becomes the group personality.
4、Commitment:Commitment  is the desire of group members to work together to complete their task to the satisfaction of the entire group. 
5、Cohesiveness:Cohesiveness, an extension of commitment, is the attraction that group members feel for each other and their willingness to stick together.
6、Group Conflict:The truth of the matter is that whenever people come together in any communicative context there is bound to be conflict of some sort. 
7、Social Facilitation:The tendency for a person to release energy that would not be released if the individual were acting alone is called social facilitation.
8、Gender Differences:Research shows that groups consisting of both men and women are more likely to be dominated by men talking than by women talking.
9、Group Size:Group size is the number of people forming a group. The larger group, the greater the variety of skills and information possessed by its members.
10、Norms:Norms are the expected and shared ways in which group members behave.

  • C.How to make the group members get into a positive participation during the group communication?

      Participating in group communication should be group-centered rather than self-centered. Here are the group –centered behavior: Relevance; Relatedness; Timeliness; Sufficient Length; Clarity; Informativeness; Openness to evaluation; Provocativeness. In addition, we should avoid these self-centered behaviors: Being aggressive; Blocking ; Recognition seeking; Self-confessing; Acting the Buffoon; Dominating; Help-seeking; Withdrawing.